As more and more countries choose to use nuclear technology for peaceful purposes and adopt nuclear power programmes, the IAEA continues to work to ensure the protection of people and the environment from the potentially harmful effects of ionizing radiation.
Artificial intelligence can contribute to nuclear security and safety in a number of ways. It can be used to process data from radiation detection systems to enhance the detection and identification of nuclear and other radioactive material. It can be used to analyze data from physical protection systems to improve detection of intruders. It could also help spot anomalies that could indicate a cyber attack on a nuclear facility. In addition, in the field of radiation protection, the integration of artificial intelligence into software related to safety standards could enhance the protection of millions of occupationally exposed workers in industries such as medicine, construction, mining, shipping, agriculture and nuclear power.